The rising monkeypox cases in several European nations and North America have sparked major concerns about its rapid spread
The viral zoonotic disease is transmitted to humans through close contact with an infected person or animal, or with material contaminated with the virus. Similar to now eradicated small pox, the disease is known as self-limiting which means the symptoms resolve on their own between 14-21 days. The common symptoms of monkeypox are common cold and flu-like symptoms, fever or exhaustion, headache, backache, muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes, fatigue among others and are considered milder
According to WHO, the infection can be divided into two periods, the invasion period and skin eruption.
While the invasion period typically lasts between 0–5 days characterized by fever, intense headache, swelling of the lymph nodes, back pain, muscle aches and lack of energy. The skin eruption period begins with 1-3 years of onset of fever.
According to Dr Subhash Kakkar, ENT Sr. Surgeon, founder of Kakkar ENT Clinic, visiting consultant with BL Kapur hospital and Apollo Spectra, it (skin eruption) begins with red rashes all over the body mainly on the face and the limbs, leading to bumps developing on the skin gradually filled with clear or milky type fluid.
Dr Kakkar says the lesion can then dry or rupture the vesicle hinting at scab formation on the skin.